The pure savagery of the mob that rampaged via the Capitol that day was amazing, as cataloged by the injuries inflicted on those people who tried out to guard the nation’s elected lawmakers. Just one police officer shed an eye, another the tip of his finger. Continue to an additional was shocked so numerous instances with a Taser gun that he had a coronary heart attack.

They experienced cracked ribs, two smashed spinal disks and several concussions. At minimum 81 members of the Capitol power and 65 members of the Metropolitan Police Office were hurt, not even counting the officer killed that working day or two others who later on died by suicide. Some officers described it as worse than when they served in battle in Iraq.

And by it all, President Donald J. Trump served as the inspiration if not the catalyst. Even as he resolved a rally beforehand, supporters could be heard on the video clip responding to him by shouting, “Take the Capitol!” Then they talked about calling the president at the White Household to report on what they had accomplished. And at minimum a single of his supporters browse above a bullhorn one particular of the president’s offended tweets to charge up the group.

If nothing at all else, the Senate impeachment demo has served at minimum just one reason: It stitched collectively the most complete and chilling account to day of last month’s fatal assault on the Capitol, shedding gentle on the major explosion of violence in the seat of Congress in two generations. In the new information it uncovered and the methodical, moment-by-moment assembly of acknowledged points it offered, the trial proved revelatory for several Us citizens — and even for some who lived by the events.

There were near calls and in the vicinity of misses as the invaders, some donning military-model tactical equipment, some carrying baseball bats or flagpoles or shields seized from the law enforcement, came just several dozen measures from the vice president and associates of Congress. There was nearly medieval-degree bodily fight captured in system-cam footage and the panicked voices of officers on law enforcement dispatch tapes calling for support. There were being much more overt symptoms about the coming violence from social media in the weeks main up to Jan. 6 than a lot of lawmakers had comprehended.

“Until we were getting ready for this trial, I didn’t know the extent of numerous of these details,” Agent Madeleine Dean, Democrat of Pennsylvania and one of the supervisors, instructed senators on Saturday. “I witnessed the horror, but I did not know. I didn’t know how deliberate the president’s organizing was, how he experienced invested in it, how several moments he incited his supporters with these lies, how thoroughly and consistently he incited them to violence on January the 6th.”

Nonetheless for all the heart-pounding narrative of that working day and the months foremost up to it offered on the Senate ground, what was also placing following it was all about was how numerous thoughts remained unanswered on challenges like the financing and leadership of the mob, the extent of the coordination with extremist groups, the breakdown in security and the failure in numerous quarters of the authorities to heed intelligence warnings of pending violence.

And then, most in particular, what the president was executing in the several hours that the Capitol was getting ransacked, a issue that various wavering Republican senators tried to home in on by issues to the prosecution and defense and that briefly blew up the trial on Saturday.

The Dwelling supervisors ended up equipped to introduce a assertion from a Republican congresswoman, Jaime Herrera Beutler of Washington, describing what she was instructed about a profanity-laden phone simply call that Agent Kevin McCarthy of California had with Mr. Trump in the middle of the assault.

Ms. Herrera Buetler reported Mr. McCarthy, the Home Republican leader, had advised her that when he pleaded with the president for assistance on the simply call, Mr. Trump appeared to aspect with the rioters disrupting the counting of the Electoral Higher education votes ratifying his defeat. “I guess these people are a lot more upset about the election than you are,” Mr. Trump instructed the Home Republican chief in this telling.

The Trump camp has hardly ever supplied a definitive and official account of the previous president’s knowledge or actions for the duration of the attack. But advisers talking on the problem of anonymity have advised reporters that he was to begin with happy, not disturbed, that his supporters had disrupted the election rely and that he under no circumstances arrived at out to Vice President Mike Pence to verify on his protection even soon after Mr. Pence was evacuated from the Senate chamber.

Resisting pleas from Republican allies like Mr. McCarthy to explicitly connect with off the assault, Mr. Trump delivered a blended concept that day, embracing the rioters and endorsing their lead to even as he called for peace and instructed them to go home. Whilst just one of his attorneys informed the Senate on Friday that “at no point” was Mr. Trump knowledgeable that the vice president was in risk, that was contradicted by a mobile phone call described by Senator Tommy Tuberville, Republican of Alabama.

Regardless of conflicting and occasionally fragmentary accounts, the Residence determined to progress with impeachment and the trial without the need of conducting a real investigation or calling witnesses, keen to get the constitutional showdown about with expeditiously so that President Biden could get on with his agenda.

The administrators concluded that the readily available file was compelling more than enough to make a judgment, but they have conceded gaps in their expertise. “There’s a lot we don’t know but about what occurred that day,” Representative Joaquin Castro, Democrat of Texas, acknowledged at just one place through the displays.

The Trump defense team has sought to use that versus the managers, arguing that they irresponsibly relied on unverified news reviews and social media postings. “The Dwelling administrators did zero investigation,” Michael T. van der Veen, one particular of the previous president’s lawyers, mentioned. “The American folks have earned a good deal superior than coming in here with no proof, rumour on prime of rumour on major of studies that are of hearsay.”

But the Trump legal professionals evidently did minimal if any inquiry into their personal client possibly since they have been unable to react to unique issues from senators about what the president realized and did through the rampage. And Mr. Trump rebuffed an invitation from the Residence professionals to testify and clear up any confusion.

Even so, incomplete as they were being, the shows around the earlier five days clarified and framed the gatherings of Jan. 6. The managers played never-in advance of-introduced Capitol stability camera footage and law enforcement dispatch recordings even though harvesting the huge quantity of films and pictures posted on social media and other accounts by reporters, law enforcement officers, rioters, and users of Congress and their staffs.

Some of the senators uncovered for the initially time just how near the attackers came to them. Senator Mitt Romney, Republican of Utah, did not comprehend till the tape was performed on the Senate ground that the officer who saved him from operating straight into the rioters that working day was Officer Eugene Goodman, renowned for experiencing the surging mob all by yourself.

“It was definitely really troubling to see the great violence that our Capitol Law enforcement and other people have been subjected to,” Mr. Romney instructed reporters. “It tears at your coronary heart and delivers tears to your eyes. That was overwhelmingly distressing and psychological.”

Following the trial recessed, Mr. Romney sought out Officer Goodman to thank him and to hear the officer’s individual account of the day, together with breathing in bear spray and tear gas when making an attempt to push the group away from the lawmakers in their chamber.

Probably the most searing new facts had been audio and movie recordings from other law enforcement officers hoping — and failing — to defend the Capitol. The radio communication became ever more frantic, with one particular officer indicating against a din in the background: “We have been outflanked and we have shed the line.” A further claimed: “They’re throwing metal poles at us.” They were attacked with bear spray and some sort of fireworks. One particular officer was dragged down a set of stairs another was overwhelmed soon after slipping to the floor.

Supervisors documented as well the sheer scale of the desecration of the setting up itself. One worker had to cleanse feces off a wall. Another experienced to wipe up blood. And as with a revolution in a significantly-off region, it was the sounds of that working day that some remembered most vividly: the pounding on the door of the constructing, the crash as glass was smashed, the whispers of personnel aides hiding from the group. “The sound of those people window panes popping, I won’t forget that audio,” just one congressional aide was quoted expressing in audio.

How substantially Mr. Trump was to blame for the onslaught documented in this sort of unpleasant depth was left to the Senate to determine. The defense group decried the Property supervisors prosecuting the situation for inflaming the senator-jurors with “manipulated video” that it argued proved only that the rioters fully commited crimes, not that the previous president did.

But even then, the managers’ presentation brought house in emphatic vogue just how significantly some of the rioters considered they ended up performing on Mr. Trump’s behalf or even instruction, whether or not he realized it or not. In a single video they took of by themselves, an intruder even picked up a telephone in a seized Capitol business and laughingly talked about contacting the president to report what they experienced completed.

“Let’s contact Trump, sure!” the person yelled. “Dude, dude, let’s inform Trump’s what is up.” When a compatriot advised Mr. Trump would be displeased, the initially male disagreed. “No, just say we really like him. ‘We really like you, bro!’ He’ll be satisfied — what do you mean? We’re preventing for Trump!”

In a riveting juxtaposition of the information that was shipped and how it was gained, the administrators showed movie taken from the crowd’s place of view as Mr. Trump addressed supporters at a rally on the Ellipse soon prior to they marched to the Capitol and laid siege to the constructing.

When Mr. Trump declared that they need to “take again our country” and “show power,” some in the back again of the crowd, presumably out of his earshot, commenced shouting, “Storm the Capitol,” “Invade the Capitol building” and “Take the Capitol!” Mr. Trump went on to say that when they headed to the Capitol, they should “peacefully and patriotically make your voices read,” but the word “peacefully” plainly did not sink in with the group and was overwhelmed by the many times he said they must “fight” or “fight like hell.”

An additional online video performed by Mr. Castro showed a Trump supporter at the Capitol later on making use of a bullhorn to study to the group a tweet from the president attacking Mr. Pence for lack of “courage,” enraging the mob. Some of the rioters that working day searched for the vice president in the Capitol, chanting “Hang Mike Pence!” even as a gallows was erected exterior.

But what genuinely struck some senators, specially the handful of Republicans open to conviction, is what Mr. Trump did upcoming — or what he did not do. In spite of pleas from Mr. McCarthy, other allies, key aides and his daughter Ivanka Trump, the president was however much more centered on pressing his effort and hard work to block the election than coming to the aid of his vice president and Congress.

When he identified as Mr. Tuberville, in accordance to the House supervisors, he was not checking to see if he could aid, but to reiterate his objections to the election vote approach.

Mr. Tuberville, one of the former president’s strongest allies, informed reporters that he experienced no time for that simply because the mob was coming. “Mr. President, they’ve taken the vice president out,” he recalled expressing. “They want me to get off the phone. I’ve obtained to go.”

Matthew Rosenberg, Mark Mazzetti and Michael S. Schmidt contributed reporting.